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This collection contains essays on various genres of oral traditions in Bhutan, as well as other cultural subjects. Each text is linked to relevant places and subjects, such that users can explore the rich tapestry of Bhutanese culture through different media.

Items in this collection

The list below includes items from this Collection's Subcollections.

Displaying 37 - 72 of 158 texts

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Karma Phuntsho 2017

The origins and development of Dzongkha as Bhutan's national language.

Karma Phuntsho 2017

An elucidation of the roles of the gathpo (alt. gadpo) in festivals of central Bhutan.

Karma Phuntsho 2015 [2014]

In general, Buddhism rejects the idea that someone else can save you. One is one’s own saviour and even the Buddhas are only teachers. The Buddha said: “I show you the path to liberation but liberation depends upon you.”

This piece was initially published in Bhutan’s national newspaper Kuensel in a series called "Why we do what we do".

Karma Phuntsho 2017 [2016]

A brief summary of the eight main manifestations of Guru Rinpoche according to the Bhutanese perspective.

Karma Phuntsho 2017 [2016]

An explanation of the history and significance of Bhutan's national day, celebrated annually on December 17th.

Karma Phuntsho 2015 [2014]

Gyatongpa, literally ‘one with eight thousand’ is one of the most common books found in traditional Bhutan. It is the Perfection of Wisdom Sutra in Eight Thousand Verses also called Aśṭasāhasrikāprajñāpāramitāsūtrain Sanskrit.

This piece was initially published in Bhutan’s national newspaper Kuensel in a series called "Why we do what we do".

Karma Phuntsho 2015 [2014]

We offer fragrance or incense because it is very pleasant object for the olfactory organ. It is an offering made to the olfactory organs of the Buddha and the Bodhisattvas. Beside the incense sticks and powders that they lit called dug poi, Bhutanese also offer scent or perfume and ointments

This piece was initially published in Bhutan’s national newspaper Kuensel in a series called "Why we do what we do".

Karma Phuntsho 2017 [2016]
Karma Phuntsho 2017

An overview of the jyoyig Bhutanese script, its possible origins, and its relationship to other scripts used in Bhutan.

Karma Phuntsho 2015 [2014]

The ritual of kago, which most Bhutanese asks a lama to conduct, is a terrifying mode of enlightened activity through which the lama commands a malevolent spirit to stop harming a particular person.

This piece was initially published in Bhutan’s national newspaper Kuensel in a series called "Why we do what we do".

Karma Phuntsho 2017 [2016]

An abbreviated history of the Kagyur's translation into Tibetan, including its contents and main editions.

Karma Phuntsho 2015 [2014]

The offering of butter lamp is the offering of wisdom and light of knowledge to eradicate darkness or ignorance. Therefore it has a crucial place in Bhutan’s daily rituals.

This piece was initially published in Bhutan’s national newspaper Kuensel in a series called "Why we do what we do".

Sonam Chophel , Karma Phuntsho 2017

The structure and perceived functions of the kharamshing, built to counter the effects of gossip, slander, and other malicious speech.

Karma Phuntsho , Sonam Chophel 2017

A summary of the types and nomenclature associated with Bhutanese riddles.

Karma Phuntsho 2017 [2016]
Karma Phuntsho 2017 [2016]

A view of the Könchoksum, or Three Jewels of Buddha, Dharma and Sangha, from the Bhutanese perspective.

Karma Phuntsho 2017 [2016]

A synopsis of kuchoe (sku mchod) and gonzog (dgongs rdzogs), two commemorative events held in honour of a deceased master.

Sonam Chophel, Karma Phuntsho 2017

A description of langkor, traditional songs sung as oxen plow the fields.

Karma Phuntsho 2017

A description of the contents and performance of Lebey, a concluding song and dance meant to cultivate auspiciousness.

Karma Phuntsho 2017 [2016]

A summary of the philosophy of karma (las) and ley judre (las rgyu 'bras) from the Bhutanese perspective, including its causes and its consequences.

Karma Phuntsho 2017

A summary of the functions and significance of Bhutanese temples.

Karma Phuntsho 2017

A problematization and discussion of the origins and applications of the name Lhomonkhazhi, or Southern Land of the Four Approaches.

Karma Phuntsho 2015 [2014]

Lo choe literally means annual religious practice. It is a seasonal celebration when a family gets together to make offerings to its protecting deities and have a festive gathering with its neighbours and community. Thus, it combines both a religious and social event for celebration.

This piece was initially published in Bhutan’s national newspaper Kuensel in a series called "Why we do what we do".

Karma Phuntsho 2017

The roles of lozey in traditional Bhutanese conversation, including genre standards as well as a discussion of the merits of their spontaneous composition.

Karma Phuntsho 2017 [2016]

An introduction to lungta (rlung rta), an intangible human trait that can be cultivated through various rituals, including raising/throwing of prayer flags bearing particular symbolic imagery.

Karma Phuntsho 2017 [2016]

The origins and role of lungten (lung bstan) in Bhutanese history and culture.

Karma Phuntsho 2017

A summary of the construction methods for mani dangrim, and their perceived functions.

Karma Phuntsho 2015 [2014]

In the Bhutanese culture, the marchang offering is made to launch an auspicious event, mark an important occasion or receive an honoured guest.

This piece was initially published in Bhutan’s national newspaper Kuensel in a series called "Why we do what we do".

Karma Phuntsho 2017

The significance and history behind Bhutan's appellation as "The Land of Medicinal Herbs", extracted from Karma Phuntsho's monograph, The History of Bhutan.

Karma Phuntsho 2015 [2014]

Buddhist moenlams are mainly mental aspirations rather than just prayers or supplications to a powerful or superior being. When one does moenlam, one aspires, intends or wishes to do something, be someone or reach somewhere. So Buddhist moenlam involves having a strong and earnest wish.

This piece was initially published in Bhutan’s national newspaper Kuensel in a series called "Why we do what we do".

Karma Phuntsho 2017

A problematizing of the name "Mon" and its application to Bhutan, extracted from Karma Phuntsho's monograph, The History of Bhutan.

Karma Phuntsho 2017

A summary of the structure and symbolism of the Namchu Wangchen as described in the Kālachakra Tantra.

Karma Phuntsho 2017 [2016]

Part one of a three part series on the meaning, functions and origins of personal names in Bhutan.

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