If we are to believe later traditions, and there is in my opinion no reason not to do so, the first Tibetan historiographic writings date from Tibet's imperial period (seventh-ninth centuries), which coincided with her relations with the Nepalese, Indians, Arabs, Turks, Uighurs, 'A zha and, above all, Tang China. Only a fragment of this literary corpus, falling into two broad classes, has survived.
The Popol Vuh is a Colonial period K'iche' Mayan text that is considered to be the bible of Mayan civilization. It was transscribed by the Dominican priest Francisco Ximénez in or near 1701. It chronicles the creation of humankind, the actions of the gods, the origin and history of the K’iche’ people, and the chronology of their kings to 1550. Although written during the period of Chistianization, it is considered by scholars to be an invaluable source of knowledge about Preclassic and Classic period Mayan mythology and culture. The text itself appears to be based on an earlier but now lost version, written in K’iche’ by a Mayan author (or authors) sometime between 1554 and 1558. The text is written in the Latin alphabet with Spanish orthography and contains a translation in Spanish. This is a literal transcription based on Christenson's edition.
In the following essays, Dreyfus provides us with a wonderful introduction to the Tibetan monastic educational system, discussing such topics as memorization, commentary, the educational curriculum, the theory and practice of debate, the schedule of monastic educational institutions, and finally the different geshé degrees awarded.1 Dreyfus’s years of experience as a scholastic monk in the Geluk tradition make his account detailed and accurate. At the same time, his first-hand familiarity with the tradition shines through in every section. His work is especially valuable in dispelling many of the myths surrounding life in Tibet’s great monastic academies.
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An endangered annual ceremony performed in Ura, Bumthang dedicated to the gods of livestock that is thought to originate in pre-Buddhist times.
A description of how to play yam, one of Bhutan's most popular dice games.
A summary of the benefits of cultivating joy from the Bhutanese Buddhist perspective.
A brief overview of the history and rationale for daily water offerings as practiced throughout the Himalayas, including a discussion of the proper methods and materials to conduct them.
An essay on the components of the three forms of Zhugdrel Phunsum Tshogpa, a Bhutanese ceremony invoking Buddhist lineage figures and performed to cultivate auspiciousness.
An introduction to the genre of slow, soothing Bhutanese songs known collectively as zhungdra.
A summary of the Zorig Chusum, a classification system presenting Bhutanese arts and crafts in a set of thirteen categories.